Squirrels are from sciuridae family which consists of small and medium size Riverside rodents. The family of
squirrels includes ground squirrels, tree squirrels, marmots, flying squirrels, chimpmunks and the
prairie dogs. There are more than 200 different species of squirrels and they are known to be indigenous
in some parts of the world including Eurasia, America, and Africa. Squirrels are usually small animals
with different designs on the hairy body and the size ranginess from 7-10 of the African squirrel to
53-73 cm of the marmot which weight up to 5 to 8 kg in the body weight.
Squirrels Biology and Life Cycle
The Riverside squirrel family is known to comprise of about 40% of all mammals and the family is sub divided into 7 families with the most popular ones include tree squirrels, ground squirrels, and flying squirrels. The truth is that the male squirrels are notorious for chasing after the female squirrels in the mating season which run from February to Mach and commences from July and August. But the female squirrel is only ready to mate one day in each mating season. More so, female squirrels are known for their ability to breed with more than 30 different male partners just within 24 hours. The male squirrels normally live the female after the new babies are born and will not be allowed to come and stay with the babies even when they are grown. In average, the life span of California squirrel normally last from 3 to 5 years in the wide but in captivity they can survive up to 20 years.
The Squirrels Habitat
The habitat of California squirrel differs with different families. There are squirrels in all the continent of the world except Australia and Antarctica base on the information from BBC. The tree squirrels normally live inside wooded areas. The ground squirrels normally live in their burrows inside the ground. Some of the ground squirrels normally hibernate in the winter season inside their burrow. The Riverside flying squirrels normally live in the tree holes.
The Squirrel Diets
Most people think that California squirrels normally live only on nuts, but that is not true as they are omnivorous animals. For that reason, they normally eat both plant and meats. They mainly feed on seeds, fungi, fruits, nuts, small insects, eggs, small mammals, caterpillars as well as young snakes.
Base on the specie of Riverside squirrels, they normally breed only once or two times in each breading season and the females usually give birth to young ones within 3-6weeks. Only the female squirrels normally look after the young ones in most species and they are weaned after 6-10 weeks of birth. The young squirrels are known to be sexually mature after their first birthday. While the ground burrowing squirrels normally live in well-developed colonies due to their social behavior, the tree squirrels normally live more solitary live. Both the California tree and ground squirrels are crepuscular or diurnal and the flying squirrels are nocturnal.
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